Trout Fishing Overview
Trout consist of the species of fresh and saltwater fish in the salmon family and are found primarily in North America, though are on every continent but Antarctica. Trout commonly appear different based on appearance and location, but genetically speaking are almost identical. Rainbow trout (also called steelhead) are saltwater trout, and return to freshwater streams for reproduction. Trout is generally considered good for eating. Fly fishing for rainbow trout is very popular, but it can also be fished using normal casting methods. Fly fishing has been around for thousands of years, and is characterized by using the weight of the line, as opposed to the lure, to cast line. Trout typically feed underwater, so it is common for the lure to sink below the surface.
Trout Fishing Equipment
Trout lures can generally be broken down into four categories, including flies, spinners, jigs, and bait.
Trout flies are probably the most commonly used form of lure when trout fishing. These are meant to imitate the insects and other types of food that are found near the surface of the water. Dry flies, wet flies, nymphs, emergers, and streamers are all different types of flies. The most important thing to consider when choosing your fly is making sure that it matches the insect found in the area, as well as the stage of development that insect is in (i.e. early or late)
Spinners are usually used for rainbow trout fishing in streams and brooks, mostly because trout typically eat below the surface in these places. Bait is made to resemble the color of chubs, a common prey for these types of trout. In-line spinners are often used.
Jigs are used in deep water and are very small and lightweight. The jighead is attached to a body of hair or feathers. They are designed to resemble minnows and are usually quite successful.
When baitfishing for trout, nightcrawlers are generally the best type, but almost any type of food can be used as bait. They provide ample weight for casting, and are easy to find. Minnows also work well. Don’t be afraid to experiment!
Trout Fishing Quick Tips
Insects are the most common source of food for a trout, so generally speaking it’s a good idea to be out when the insects are. Dusk or nighttime is usually a good bet. Water temperature is also an important factor to consider, so in warmer weather trout often feed in the morning before the water is too warm. However, in spring/fall, they may feed later in the afternoon to correspond with the more amiable temperatures. Generally speaking, however, trout like cooler water than most fish. Trout have very keen senses, and are quick to disturb. Being quiet is very important when fishing. In addition, it is important to use bait that matches the type of prey the trout typically eat, because they are able to see color. When considering where to fish trout, try and think about the places where food normally forms, such as eddies in a stream, as well as beds of weeds.
Trout Fishing Locations
Trout live in and around streams because they require the current in order to spawn. They are also found in lakes, but this only happens after they have been stocked, and they have to have access to a stream. When found in lakes, it is usually best to fish near the shoreline, as this is where fish commonly feed on insects.