Using a nearly weightless lure
Fly fishing is a different spin on traditional baitcasting methods in which the primary goal is to catch fish by imitating the insects most freshwater fish typically feed on. It is one of the oldest forms of fishing, and originated before spin casting. The flies are cast by the weight of the line instead of the lure. Because of the nature of the sport, it is very important to understand and recognize the different types of insects that fish in the area are eating. Fly fishing uses a long rod that is very lightweight and a reel that is usually only used with larger fish. Fly fishing is most commonly used on trout in streams and rivers, though the technique can be employed just about anywhere.
Flies - Flies are kept simple and small, and are meant to be familiar to the fish in the area. When choosing a lure, it is important to have many different options. This makes you much more adaptable to the type of fly that is common to an area, with the goal of choosing a fly that is familiar food to the fish. There are many different types of flies, including dry flies, wet flies, streamer flies, nymphs, and terrestrials.
Dry flies are the most common type, and are designed to imitate flies that float on top of the water, whereas wet flies are designed to go under the water. They usually look like insects that come up from underwater, as well as dead insects. Flies that look like crawfish or leeches are included in this category. A streamer fly is a type of wet fly that looks like an injured baitfish. They are larger and usually used to catch predatory fish. Nymphs are the hatchlings of fly eggs and are used to catch fish that are unwilling to come to the surface of the water. Terrestrials are meant to imitate insects that are normally on land but have fallen in the water and drowned.